If you, like me, listen to real estate or financial independence related podcasts, you probably have heard people mentioning Rich Dad, Poor Dad by Robert Kiyosaki as their favorite Real Estate related book. There is even a person who counted it! In about 300 episodes of the Bigger Pockets Real Estate podcast, the guests mentioned it 135 times (source) !
So, should you read it then? If so many people recommend it, it can’t be a bad book, right? Well, until recently I didn’t have an opinion, but this month I finally read that book and I can report back to you. It was a quick and exciting read, but I wouldn’t recommend it.
Here is why:
- Rich Dad, Poor Dad makes an Investor lifestyle look very appealing and a regular job very unattractive, but it doesn’t present a fair perspective
- The book encourages risky investment types and contains dangerous advice
- There are some good tidbits that can point you in the right direction, but overall provides little practical value. If you want to actually learn about personal finance or investing, there are much better books out there.
That said, I have to acknowledge that the book is quite fun and exciting to read and was useful to many people.
By Source (WP:NFCC#4), Fair use, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=52309319
Biased view against working a job
Author uses two Dads, “poor dad” who is his actual dad and works as an employee and the “rich dad” who is his friend’s dad, businessman and investor. Poor dad’s employee lifestyle is described as an example of a rat race, a trap, where your freedom and happiness are limited and you end up poor. That happens regardless of your employee earnings and lifestyle. On the other hand the “rich dad” life is full of freedom, control, wealth and excitement. The book doesn’t offer a balanced perspective on those two choices, instead it’s extremely biased and omits the good points of being employed and bad points of being an investor or a business owner.
Even though the biggest problem with the “employees” stems from living beyond their means, this is not a unique problem to being an employee, business owners can suffer the same problem. Instead of focusing on this specific problem and advising how to minimize your expenses and earn more and invest, the book takes a different approach. It focuses on discouraging you from being an employee. The only good strategy according to the book regarding employment, is to work to learn. But you shouldn’t work to earn money, because according to the book, a JOB is a trap and will make you broke anyway.
Here is an example quote on the topic from the book:
“Job is an acronym for ‘Just Over Broke.’ Unfortunately, I would say that applies to millions of people. Because school does not think financial intelligence is intelligence, most workers live within their means.”
“Once people are trapped in the lifelong process of bill-paying, they become like those little hamsters running around in those metal wheels. Their little furry legs are spinning furiously, the wheel is turning furiously, but come tomorrow morning, they’ll still be in the same cage. Great job.”
There is some truth in that, there are people who have low paying jobs and really struggle, there are also people who are suffering from lifestyle inflation, when their lifestyle costs increase as they earn more. Those people might feel trapped in their jobs. There are however many people who have a healthy savings rate and enjoy their jobs and being an employee, not always being in charge of everything.
On the other hand, not every investor and entrepreneur is happy and stress free. There are many businesses that struggle and many of their owners live close to poverty line. Imagine having a physical
business during the pandemic! Many investments lose money.
I believe that both paths and lifestyles can be great for different people, but one isn’t clearly better than the other.
Poor moral foundation and risky advice
Another reason, why I don’t recommend this book is because, there is some advice in Rich Dad, Poor Dad that I consider unethical, illegal or is just plain risky. For example the book recommends paying yourself first before budgeting for taxes and liabilities.
The justification for this approach is that the necessity - “creditors and government shouting at you” - will force you to make more money and you will be better off by it! So, you should do it this way!
Paying yourself first is a great technique to prioritize saving and investing vs inessential wants, but it shouldn’t be used to justify not paying back your creditors. This is not only bad for business (try borrowing money again after not paying it back!), but it could put you in a lot of trouble. It’s also unethical, since you would be breaking other people’s trust in you.
Another problematic advice is about using a corporation as a tax shelter for personal wants.
Using a company for investment or conducting business in general makes a lot of sense. Companies have lower tax rates than individuals in many countries. This is a case in the USA (where the author is from) and in Ireland where I live. In the case of Ireland the tax rates for companies are 12.5% (trading income) and 25% (non trading income, e.g. rent) and you pay taxes from profits (income - expenses). As an individual, you can also deduct certain expenses from certain types of income. For example the expenses related to renting out a house, can be deducted from the taxed income from rent, making your taxes smaller. This is the same for companies and individuals.
Generally the higher your earnings, the higher is your tax rate for income tax (e.g. 52% in Ireland), so having a company that has a lower and fixed rate sounds better, right?
Not so fast, if you want to legally take the money out of the company (as a salary to you or as dividends), the money has to be taxed again! Effectively, you will be paying the tax twice.
Here is an example, assuming rental income, you would get net X income times 0.75 * times 0.48 = 36% of X.
The real tax advantage of the company happens when the money is not taken out, but is instead reinvested at the lower tax rate and compounds over years.
The author however advises using a company to fund personal expenses such as a fancy car or company business trips to Hawaii, this is bad and illegal advice that can cause people a lot of trouble. The only expenses that can be deducted from taxes are the ones necessary for the business and countries have precise tax laws about it.
Encouraging risky investment types
Here is another problem I see with the Rich Dad, Poor Dad - it encourages risky investment strategies.
I believe that there are no shortcuts in investing, if something sounds too good to be true, it likely is too good to be true. One shouldn’t compare investments just based on potential returns, without adjusting for risk. You might be lucky for a while, but your luck might soon expire.
I believe investing in broad index funds is generally the best way to invest for the majority of people. You will not find any advice about that in the book. The book doesn’t mention ETFs or index funds, but it does mention mutual funds. According to the book, the mutual funds are a terrible investment because of fees and poor performance. There is some truth to that, but the choice isn’t:
- Don’t invest (or use simple bank deposits)
- Mutual funds
- Killer real estate deals
- Pre IPO stocks (based on stock tips from friends)
There are more options there and there are mutual funds such as ones offered by vanguard, that don’t have the downsides presented in the book. They are low cost and passive which are a great choice for any investors. Real estate deals are fundamentally more risky (especially if you don’t have big reserves and use a lot of leverage) and also work-intensive. You can have tenants who are not paying, buyers/sellers not fulfilling their part of the contract, property issues, contractor issues, the property values might drop when you want to sell or the rehab cost might turn out double of what you have planned. I’ve been investing in real estate for a couple years now and the returns are steady, but not ground breaking and I have experienced my own share of problems.
The picture isn’t as rosy as Kiyosaki paints it.
The book has some good advice in it, but none of it is very deep
The author mentions the advice of his Rich Dad to know a: “Little bit about a lot” and this could also describe useful tidbits in the book. There is a little bit about a lot, but very little of actual serious knowledge.
There are some useful real estate tidbits sprinkled around the book. For example using 1031 exchange to defer capital gains taxes (there is no equivalent of that in Ireland though). Another one is that you should be buying undervalued properties or doing wholesale real estate deals (secure a contract and resale it to another buyer for profit), but very little advice on how to find undervalued deals or how to actually do wholesale legally without unnecessary risk.
Here are some other useful tidbits I found in the book:
- don’t be too dependent on your job (mind your own business)
- avoid buying an expensive house (because it will decrease your personal cashflow)
- pay the best professionals well
- optimize for learning not for earning
- learn to sell to combine it with other skills and sell them (and make a lot of money)
It has to be acknowledged that Kiyosaki is in the business of selling courses and seminars. Getting the readers excited about the real estate investing is part of his business model. Since the book doesn’t really tell you how to do any of the things described in there, the next logical step is to sign up for a course (preferably offered by Kiyosaki’s company) to build your “financial intelligence”. I would recommend anyone to be careful with paying for real estate coaching, because there are many fake gurus out there, who just want your money.
To sum it up, ven though the book is actually quite fun to read due to all the exciting stories and it contains some useful advice, my recommendation would be to skip reading Rich Dad, Poor Dad.
If you want to improve your finances there are better books, e.g. Set For Life by Scott Trench, if you want to learn more about investing in stocks, there is Simple Path to Wealth by J L Collins and if you want to actually learn about real estate, check out books from the bigger pockets store: you can find books there from beginner to advanced. I have no affiliation with bigger pockets, they are just a fantastic resource I keep recommending, because I personally benefited a lot from it.
I would also recommend you to listen to countless free podcasts and join facebook groups, meetups and forums. And a shameless plug, if you are still interested in investing in real estate and want to analyze some real estate deals, you can try the free app I’ve been developing: https://redeal.app/.